Seriously evaluate your capabilities and needs.
During an emergency, you will not have the time or the mental focus to fully assess your situation. For disaster planning purposes, it is best to identify potential threats in your community, such as the location of flood-prone areas, power plants and hazardous chemical plants or warehouses.
Following are some helpful tips that you and your family can use to better prepare for an emergency:
Discuss how natural and man-made threats could affect your family. Evaluate your property’s vulnerability to hazards, such as storm surge, flooding, wildfire and wind.
Check your insurance coverage. Flood damage, for example, is not covered by a homeowner’s insurance policy. It must be purchased ahead of time to be applicable.
Identify the safest areas of your home for each threat. In many circumstances, the safest area may not be your home but elsewhere in your community. During times of evacuation you will be given instructions on evacuation routes.
Specify escape routes from your home and places to meet (rally points), such as a neighbor’s home, a school or a public location.
Designate an out-of-area contact—friend or family member—so that each of your immediate family members has the same single point of contact. Plan to have at least two means of communication (e.g., email, phone, cell phone).
Take first aid, CPR and disaster preparedness classes to be better prepared to help yourself and others.
Assemble and maintain a Disaster Supply Kit and purchase a battery-powered weather radio equipped with a special alarm tone feature is a vital tool. During an emergency, National Weather Service forecasters will interrupt routine weather radio programming and send out the special tone that activates weather radios in the listening area.